In this very complete review, authors explain how AR and VR are now mandatory in surgery training and why visual rendering and haptic feedback are the key points of success.
The key components for incorporating VR into surgical simulators are visual and haptic rendering. These components ensure that the user is completely immersed in the virtual environment and can interact in the same way as in the physical world. The key components for the application of AR and MR into surgical simulators include the tracking system as well as the visual rendering.The advantages of these surgical simulators are the ability to perform user evaluations and increase the training frequency of surgical residents.
Source: A Review on the Applications of Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality and Mixed Reality in Surgical Simulation: An Extension to Different Kinds of Surgery: Expert Review of Medical Devices: Vol 0, No ja